Main Article Content

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to see the influence of the level of breastfeeding in the cognitive orientation of children4 – 6 years old in Malang. This study uses analytical research methods using a descriptive cross sectional approach or in other words the study uses the type of correlational research. The sampling techniques on this study were taken with random sampling cluster techniques. While sample data sources are selected purposive and snowball sampling. Data collection instruments to assess the rate of feeding is the feeding questionnaire and the biodata of parents and children. To assess the level of intelligence conducted IQ test with WPPSI test instrument (Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence) conducted by a psychologist. Data analysis on this research is quantitative and qualitative data. Quantitative data analysis was conducted to see the level of cognitive feeding for children aged 4 – 6 years. It will be described through descriptive statistics presented in the form of tables and graphs. From the study of the rate of breast feeding in the orientation of Islamic children 4 – 6 years old in Malang, only 54% of the proportion of mothers give exclusive breast milk to more than 4 months. Infants with an exclusive rate of breastfeeding of no more than 4 months have a risk of 7.325 times greater to develop a distorted development compared to a child who is given more than 4 months of breastfeeding. Children with long lactation ≥ 6 months have higher cognitive function than children with long lactation < 6 months. Based on the objectives and results of synthesis analysis can be obtained several conclusions that there is relevance between the perspective of the Qur'an about the delivery of breast milk with the results of research.

Keywords

Level of Breastfeeding Islamic Orientation Cognitive Development

Article Details

How to Cite
Wahyuningtyas, D. P., & Azharona Susanti, R. (2019). Tingkat Pemberian ASI dalam Orientasi Islam terhadap Kognitif Anak Usia 4–6 Tahun di Kota Malang. Atfaluna: Journal of Islamic Early Childhood Education, 2(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.32505/atfaluna.v2i1.862

References

  1. Bari, A. (2008). Buku Acuan Nasional Maternal dan Neonatal. Jakarta: JNPK.
  2. Agus, Krisno B. (2001). Dasar-dasar Ilmu Gizi. Malang: UMM Pres.
  3. Markum, A. H. (2003). Ilmu Kesehatan Anak. Jakarta: FKUI.
  4. Almatsier, S. (2011). Gizi Seimbang Dalam Daur Kehidupan. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
  5. Arief, M. (2010). Pengantar Metodologi Penelitian Untuk Ilmu Kesehatan. Surakarta: UNS Press.
  6. Arikunto S. (2010). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
  7. Arisman, M. B. (2004). Gizi dalam Daur Kehidupan. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran.
  8. Balia, L. R. (2008). Kebutuhan Nutrisi Anak untuk Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangannya. Bandung: KKNM Universitas Padjadjaran.
  9. Catreine, L. (2000). Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Anak. Jakarta: Arcan.
  10. Danuatmaja, B. (2006). 40 Hari Pasca Persalinan. Jakarta: Puspa Swara.
  11. Dedi, M. (2006). Gizi Untuk Bayi Air Susu Ibu, Susu Formula dan Makanan Tambahan. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.
  12. Depkes RI. (2007). Pedoman Deteksi Dini dan Stimulasi Dini Tumbuh Kembang Balita di Tingkat Pelayanan Kesehatan
  13. Hegar, B. (2010). Nilai Menyusui, dalam Indonesia Menyusui. Jakarta: Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (IDAI).
  14. Husdarta & Nurlan. (2010). Optimalisasi Tumbuh Kembang Anak. Yogyakarta: Andi Publisher.
  15. Kusmayadi. (2011). Membongkar Kecerdasan anak (Mendeteksi Bakat dan Potensi Anak Sejak Dini). Jakarta: Gudang Ilmu.
  16. Maulana, M. (2009). Seluk Beluk Merawat Bayi & Balita. Yogyakarta: Garailmu.
  17. Purwanti S. H. (2004). Konsep Penerapan ASI Eksklusif. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.
  18. Roesli, U. (2000). Mengenal ASI Eksklusif. Jakarta: Pustaka Pembangunan Swadaya Nusantara.
  19. Shihab, M. Q. (2002). Tafsir Al-Mishbah: Pesan, Kesan, dan Keserasian Al-Qur’an. Vol. 1. Jakarta: Lentera Hati.
  20. Slameto. (2003). Belajar dan Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhinya. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
  21. Soedjatmiko. (2009). Cara Praktis Membentuk Anak Sehat, Tumbuh Kembang Optimal, Kreatif dan Cerdas Multipel. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kompas.
  22. Soetjiningsih. (2012). ASI petunjuk Tenaga Kesehatan. Jakarta: EGC.
  23. Sugiyono. (2008). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.
  24. Sunaryo. (2004). Psikologi untuk Keperawatan. Jakarta: EGC.
  25. Suradi, R. (2008). Manfaat ASI & Kerugian Susu Formula. Jakarta: Balai Penerbit FKUI.
  26. Susanto, Ahmad. (2011). Meningkatkan Perkembangan Anak. Bandung: Araska Publisher.