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Abstract

This article describes the viewpoint of Joseph Schacht, who argues that hadiths had been used as a second
sources of Islamic law since the caliphates periods. Schacht was an orientalist who studied the hadith using
academic reasoning. He criticized the authentification of hadiths using Projecting Back theory and the
Argumentum E-Silentio. Thus, Schacht denied the truth of the Prophet's traditions the way Muslims do believe in. According to him, hadiths were merely speeches and atitudes of scholars of the second and third centuries of Hijriah who attach their own words to the Prophet to gain Muslims supports for their personal interests. By using a research library and analytical descriptive methods, this article alsopresentthe application example of the two theories in the chosen hadith.

Keywords

Joseph Schacht Projecting Back Theory Argumentum E-Silentio Theory

Article Details

How to Cite
Nurus Syarifah, & Ahmad Zainal Mustofa. (2020). Teori Projecting Back dan Argumentum E-Silentio Joseph Schacht dalam Studi Kritik Hadis. Al-Bukhari : Jurnal Ilmu Hadis, 3(2), 171 -186. https://doi.org/10.32505/al-bukhari.v3i2.1545

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