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This means: (1) Under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their article, but authors grant others permission to use the content of publications in Al-Ikhtibar Journal in whole or in part provided that the original work is properly cited. Users (redistributors) of Al-Ikhtibar Journal are required to cite the original source, including the author's names, Al-Ikhtibar Journal as the initial source of publication, year of publication, volume number, issue, and Digital Object Identifier (DOI); (2) Authors grant Al-Ikhtibar the right of first publication. Although authors remain the copyright owner.