Main Article Content
Yemeni Arabic (YA) has a significant number of consonant clusters in word initial, medial, and final positions. However, their frequency of usage is not uniform. This study aims to investigate the patterns of consonant clusters in word initial, medial, and final positions in YA and also to find out the most and least frequent clusters in terms of their percentage. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used in data analysis in this study. All the words were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). There are features of consonant clusters in Yemeni Arabic which differ from Modern Standard Arabic and some other Arabic dialects. In Yemeni Arabic, there are 29 consonants and 10 vowels, 5 long and 5 short vowels. The maximum number of onset cluster is three (e.g. /∫tsu:q/ “she will drive” while coda cluster is two (e.g. /satˤħ/ “roof”). Furthermore, the maximum number of medial clusters are also two (e.g. /muχ.lsˤu/ “sincere”. The analysis undertaken will throw light on the frequency and percentages of the occurrences of the consonant clusters on the basis of a word list, which is justified with the help of statistical support.
- Abboud, P. (1979). The verb in northern Najdi Arabic. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 42. (3) 467-499.
- AL-Ghmaiz, B. (2013). Word – initial consonant cluster patterns in the Aeabic Najdi dialect. M.A theses. Southern Illinois University Carbondale.
- AL-Mamri, Muhammed, and Shabana Hameed. (2017). Consonant cluster and syllable structure in Mehri language. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 7(2): 242-248.
- AL-Mamri, M. (2018). Syllable structure and word stress in Hajji and Hudaidi Yemeni dialects of Arabic in the light of optimality theory. PhD thesis. Aligarh Muslim University (AMU). India.
- Al-jumah, Abdullah. (2008). The syllable shape of Al-Ahsa dialect: An OT perspective. Poznań Studies in Contemporary Linguistics 44(2):155-177.
- Al-Qahtani, Mufleh. (2014). Syllable structure and related processes in optimality theory: An examination of Najdi Arabic. PhD thesis. Newcastle University.
- Crystal, D. (1994). A Dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Daana, H. (2009). The development of consonant cluster, stress and plural nouns in Jordanian Arabic child language. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of Essex, London.
- Sameer, Abdulrazzaq. (2011). Syllable structure of Taizi Yemeni dialect of Arabic: An optimality theory perspective. MA dissertation. School of Language Science, the English and Foreign Languages University (EFL-U), Hyderabad, India.
- Singh, K. & Singh, S. (1979). Phonetics: Principles and practice. Baltimore: University Park Press.