Main Article Content

Abstract

This article examines the problem of the diversity of interpretations of the testimony of two women equal to the testimony of one man in surah Al-Baqarah, verse 282. A number of interpretations that have surfaced use the hujjah, naqliy or aqliy, to reinforce the view that the testimony of two women is equal to one man. Some even return it to the verse of ta'abbudiy (unthinkable), so it does not open alternative interpretations because the verse is understood as final. By using the concept of "Fiqh Maqashid al-Khithab" as an ethical concept to understand the definition and meaning of the verses in a more equal, this article examines the discussions about the interpretation of the verses of "two women and one man".The result show that based on summarized from various treasures the book of commentaries on the Qur'an, classic and contemporary the intrepetation has various meaning about the concept of ta'abbudiy (unthinkable)This article examines the problem of the diversity of interpretations of the testimony of two women equal to the testimony of one man in surah Al-Baqarah, verse 282. A number of interpretations that have surfaced use the hujjah, naqliy or aqliy, to reinforce the view that the testimony of two women is equal to one man. Some even return it to the verse of ta'abbudiy (unthinkable), so it does not open alternative interpretations because the verse is understood as final. By using the concept of "Fiqh Maqashid al-Khithab" as an ethical concept to understand the definition and meaning of the verses in a more equal, this article examines the discussions about the interpretation of the verses of "two women and one man".The result show that based on summarized from various treasures the book of commentaries on the Qur'an, classic and contemporary the intrepetation has various meaning about the concept of ta'abbudiy (unthinkable).

Keywords

maqashid equality tafseer women's testimony

Article Details

How to Cite
Mubarrak, H. (2020). FIQH MAQASHID AL-KHITHAB: MUHAWALAT AL-’UTHUR ’ALA MAFHUM AL-MUSAWAH FI-SYAHADAT RAJUL WA-IMRAATAYN. Jurisprudensi: Jurnal Ilmu Syariah, Perundang-Undangan, Dan Ekonomi Islam, 12(1), 79-99. https://doi.org/10.32505/jurisprudensi.v12i1.1461

References

  1. Abou El Fadl, Khaled. 2001. Speaking in God’s Name – Islamic Law, Authority and Women. Oxford: Oneworld Publication.
  2. Al-’Alwānī, Taha J. 1996. “The Testimony of Women in Islamic Law”. The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences. 13:2.
  3. Al-Dawilabi, Muhammad Ma’ruf. 1995. Al-Madkhal ila ‘Ilmi Usul al-Fiqh. Al-Qahirah: Dar al-Syawwaf lil Nasyr wa al-Tawzi’.
  4. Fadel, Mohammad. 1997. “Two Women, One Man: Knowledge, Power, and Gender in Medieval Sunni Legal Thought”.International Journal of Middle East Studies. 29:2.
  5. Al-Gazali, Muhammad. 2002. Qadaya al-Mar’ah baina al-Taqalid al-Rakidah wa al-Wafidah. Al-Qa``````````hirah: Dar al-Syuruq.
  6. Ibnu ‘Asyur, Muhammad al-Tahir. 1984. Al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir. Tunis: al-Dar al-Tunisiyyah lil Nasyr.
  7. Ibnu al-‘Arabi, Abu Bakr Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah. 2003. Ahkam al-Qur’an. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.
  8. ‘Imarah, Muhammad. 2010. Haqaiq wa Syubuhat Hawl Makanah al-Mar’ah fi al-Islam. Al-Qahirah: Dar al-Salam.
  9. Mernissi, Fatima. 1987. The Veil and the Male Elite. New York: Addison-Wesley.
  10. Mubarrak, Husni. 2016. “In Search of Islamic View of Justice on Women Testimony”. Ijtihad. 16:2.
  11. Al-Qardawi, Yusuf. 2005. Markaz al-Mar’ah fi al-Hayah al-Islamiyyah. Al-Qahirah: Maktabah Wahbah.
  12. Qutub, Sayyid. 2003. Fi Zilal al-Qur’an. Al-Qahirah: Dar al-Syuruq.
  13. Rasyid Ridha, al-Said Muhammad. 1367. Tafsir al-Manar. Al-Qahirah: Dar al-Manar.
  14. Al-Razi, Fakhr al-Din. 1981. Mafatih al-Gaib. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
  15. Al-Raysuni, Ahmad. 2014. Muhadarat fi Maqasid al-Syari’ah. al-Qahirah: Dar al-Kalimah lil Nasyri wa al-Tawzi’.
  16. Saeed, Abdullah. 2006. Interpreting the Qur’an: Towards a Contemporary Approach. London and New York: Routledge .
  17. Al-Tabari, Abu Ja’far Muhammad bin Jarir. 1988. Jami’ al-Bayan ‘an Ta’wil Ayy al-Qur’an. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
  18. Wadud-Muhsin, Amina. 1994. Quran and Woman. Kuala Lumpur: Penerbit Fajar Bakti Sdn. Bhd.
  19. Al-Zamakhsyari, Abu al-Qasim Mahmud bin Umar. 1998. Al-Kasysyaf an Haqaiq Gawamid al-Tanzil wa ‘Uyun al-Aqawil fi wajuh al-Ta’wil. Al-Riyad: Mak``tabah al-Ubaikan.

DB Error: Unknown column 'Array' in 'where clause'