Main Article Content

Abstract

This article discusses the eco-sufism that Hamka built in his book Tafsir al-Azhar. This is motivated by the issue of environmental damage caused by, among other things, the anthropocentric paradigm, namely the notion that views humans as the center of the universe and has the right to exploit nature without considering its sustainability. Meanwhile, the hallmark of Hamka's interpretation of the verses of the Qur'an, which has a Sufi tendency, is trying to respond to environmental damage by offering sustainable environmental conservation efforts. Using a descriptive-explorative thematic method, Hamka built five efforts in preserving the environment with a Sufism approach, namely: paying attention to nature will strengthen faith in Allah; natural order is a form of God's existence; contemplation of nature will cause ‘isyq (longing) to God; managing nature as a provision to return to the presence of God; and being grateful for the results of natural resources by sharing them with others. In the interpretation of the verses about the five efforts, it appears that Hamka's interp  retation tries to respond to environmental damage with a Sufi approach, which is seen as contributing to environmental conservation in a sustainable manner. Hamka provides a paradigm for balancing human rights and obligations to nature based on the holy book al-Qur'an so that it can be used as a guide for all Indonesians to realize a polite and moderate Islam towards nature by paying attention to environmental conservation.

Keywords

Eco-Sufism Hamka Environmental Conservation Sufism Tafsir al-Azhar

Article Details

How to Cite
Kusnadi, K., Zulfikar, E., & Juwita, R. (2023). ECO-SUFISM IN TAFSIR AL-AZHAR: HAMKA’S SUFISM INTERPRETATION’S CONTRIBUTION TO SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION IN INDONESIA. Jurnal At-Tibyan: Jurnal Ilmu Alqur’an Dan Tafsir , 8(1), 71-92. https://doi.org/10.32505/at-tibyan.v8i1.5699

References

  1. Abdul, Moh. Rivaldi. et al., (2020). “Pembentukan Akhlak Dalam Memanusiakan Manusia: Perspektif Buya Hamka,” Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Dan Budi Pekerti 1, no. 1.
  2. Al-Alūsī, Shihābuddīn Maḥmūd Syukrā. t.th. Rūḥ al-Ma’ānī fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-‘Aẓīm wa Sab’i al-Mathanī. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ al-Turats al-‘Arabi.
  3. Al-Maraghi, Ahmad Mustafa. (1946). Tafsir al-Maraghi. Mesir: Maktabah.
  4. Al-Qusyairi, Abu al-Qasim Abdul Karim bin Abdul Malik. (1971). Lataif al-Isyarat,. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyah.
  5. Al-Tustari, Abu Muhammad al-Sahl. (2004). Tafsir al-Qur'an al-Azim. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub.
  6. Alfiyah, Avif. (2016). "Metode Penafsiran Buya Hamka dalam Tafsir Al-Azhar", Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin 15, no. 1.
  7. Alikodra, Hadi S. (2020). Era Baru Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam dan Lingkungan, Membumikan Ekosofi bagi Keberlanjutan Umat. Bogor: IPB Press.
  8. Amin, Mochamad Lathif. (2017). “Eko-Sufisme Islam Aboge Masjid Saka Tunggal Cikakak Banyumas, Jurnal Penelitian 14, no. 2.
  9. Amrullah, Haji Abdul Malik Abdulkarim. (1990). Tafsir Al-Azhar. Singapura: Pustaka Nasional PTE LTD Singapura.
  10. Arifiah, Dheanda Abshorina. (2021). “Karakteristik Penafsiran Al-Qur’an Dalam Tafsir an-Nur dan Al-Azhar,” El-’Umdah 4, no. 1.
  11. Arisanti, Kustiana. (2020). "Proses Pendidikan Nabi Adam Perspektif Al-Qur'an", Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Indonesia 4, no. 2.
  12. Assya'bani, Ridhatullah & Syadzali, Ahmad. (2014). "Pandangan Ulama Balangan Tentang Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Batubara Di Balangan Dalam Perspektif Eko-Sufisme", Studia Insania, 2, no. 1
  13. Aziz, Abd. (2014). "Konservasi Alam dalam Perspektif Islam: Tantangan dan Tuntutan Globalisasi", Akademika: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam 19, no. 2.
  14. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (2008). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka Bahasa.
  15. Firdausiyah, Umi Wasilatul. (2021). “Modernisasi Penafsiran Al-Qur'an Dalam Tafsir Al-Azhar Karya Buya Hamka,” Jurnal Ulunnuha 10, no. 1.
  16. Hawwa, Sa'id. 1985. al-Asas fi al-Tafsir. Kairo: Dar al-Salam.
  17. Hidayati, Husnul. (2018). “Metodologi Tafsir Kontekstual Al-Azhar Karya Buya Hamka,” El-’Umdah 1, no. 1.
  18. Hidayat, Usep Taufik. (2015). “Tafsir Al-Azhar : Menyelami Kedalaman Tasawuf Hamka,” Buletin Al-Turas 21, no. 1.
  19. Irawan, Bambang. (2022). “Islamic boarding schools (pesantren), Sufism and environmental conservation practices in Indonesia", HTS: Theological Studies 78, no. 4.
  20. Irfan, Rengga. (2022). "Penafsiran Da'i dalam Tafsir Al-Azhar", Al-Kauniah: Jurnal Ilmu Alquran dan Tafsir 3, no. 1.
  21. Katsir, Abu al-Fida’ Ibn. 1998. Tafsir al-Qur’an al-‘Azim. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah.
  22. Karim, Abdul (2017). “Mengembangkan Kesadaran Melestarikan Lingkungan Hidup Berbasis Humanisme Pendidikan Agama", Edukasia: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam, 12, no. 2.
  23. Mangunjaya, Fachruddin Majeri dan Praharawati, Gugah. (2019). "Fatwas on Boosting Environmental Conservation in Indonesia", Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) 10, no. 10.
  24. Mukhlis, Febri Hijroh. (2022). "Paradigma Ekologis dalam Tafsir Al-Qur'an: Kajian Tematik-Kontekstual", Qof: Jurnal Studi Al-Qur'an dan Tafsir 6, no. 1.
  25. Munawan, M. (2018). "A Critical Discourse Analysis Dalam Kajian Tafsir Alquran: Studi Tafsir Al-Azhar Karya Hamka," Tajdid 25, no. 2.
  26. Mcnaughton, S.J. & Larry. L, (1992). Ekologi Umum, terj. Sunaryono Pringgoseputro. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada Press.
  27. Murodi. (2007). "Al-Amr bi al-Ma’rūf wa al-Nahy ‘an al-Munkār: Dirāsah fi Arā’i al-‘Ālim HAMKA fī Tafsīr al-Azhar", Studia Islamika 14, no. 2.
  28. Nasution, Harun. (1997) Filsafat dan Mistisisme Dalam Islam. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang.
  29. Niman, Erna Mena. (2019). "Kearifan Lokal Dan Upaya Pelestarian Lingkungan Alam", Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Missio, 11 no. 1.
  30. Nicholson, Reynold A. (2002). The Mystics of Islam. World Wisdom.
  31. NS, Suwito. (2011). Eko-Sufisme Studi tentang Pelestarian Lingkungan pada Jama’ah Mujahadah Ilmu Giri dan Jama’ah Auliya’. Yogayakarta: Buku Litera.
  32. Nurhayati, Aisyah. et. al. (2018). "Kerusakan Lingkungan dalam Al-Qur'an", SUHUF 30, no. 2.
  33. Ridwanudin, Parid. (2017). “Ekoteologi Dalam Pemikiran Badiuzzaman Said Nursi", Lentera: Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah dan Komunikasi, Vol. 1, No. 1.
  34. Rodin, Dede. (2017). "Al-Qur'an dan Konservasi Lingkungan: Telaah Ayat-Ayat Ekologis" Al-Tahrir: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam 17 no. 2.
  35. Safaat, Ahmad Wafi Nur dan Zulfikar, Eko. (2021). "Konsep Zuhud di Era Modern: Telaah Penafsiran Hamka dalam Kitab Tafsir al-Azhar", SINDA: Comprehensive Journal of Islamic Social Studies 1, no. 1.
  36. Setiono, Kudwiratri. et al. (2007). Manusia Kesehatan Dan Lingkungan: Kualitas Hidup Dalam Perspektif Perubahan Lingkungan Global. Bandung: PT. Alumni.
  37. Sunarko, Asep. "Strategi Pengembangan Potensi Intelektual Muslim”, Manarul Qur'an: Jurnal Ilmiah Studi Islam 16, no. 1.
  38. Zulfikar, Eko. (2023). Karakteristik Ulul Albab: Menuju Kepribadian Islami di Era Disrupsi Digital. Bogor: Guepedia.
  39. Zulfikar, Eko. (2018). "Wawasan Al-Qur'an tentang Ekologi (Kajian Tematik Ayat-ayat Konservasi Lingkungan". Qof: Jurnal Studi Al-Qur'an dan Tafsir 2, no. 2.