Jurnal At-Tibyan: Jurnal Ilmu Alqur'an dan Tafsir https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan <p><strong>Jurnal At-Tibyan: Jurnal Ilmu Alqur'an dan Tafsir</strong> (P-ISSN: <strong><a href="http://www.issn.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;&amp;&amp;&amp;&amp;2442-594X" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2442-594X</a></strong>, E-ISSN: <strong><a href="http://www.issn.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1491453352&amp;2501&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2579-5708</a></strong>) is a journal&nbsp; that is published by the Department of the Qur'anic Studies, Faculty of Ushuluddin, Adab, and Da'wah, State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Langsa Aceh, Indonesia in collaboration with&nbsp; <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1baJYMXt5dQ7QGKcVTm0sc-MvlNO3CKGi/view?usp=sharing">Asosiasi Ilmu al-Qur'an dan Tafsir (AIAT) se-Indonesia</a>. The editors welcome contributions in the form of articles to be published after undergoing a manuscript selection mechanism, peer-review, and editing process. It is covering both library and fieldwork studies.<br><strong>Jurnal At-Tibyan: Jurnal Ilmu Alqur'an dan Tafsir </strong>is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to encourage and promote the study of the Qur’an and is designed to facilitate and take the scientific work of researchers, lecturers, students, practitioners, and so on into dialogue<strong>.</strong> The journal contents discuss various matters related to the Qur’anic Studies, the Exegesis Studies, the Living Qur’an, The Qur'anic Hermeneutic, the Qur’an and Social Culture, The Qur'an and Science, thoughts of figures about the Qur'anic Studies, and the thematic Qur'an.&nbsp; This journal warmly welcomes any contributions from scholars of the related disciplines.<br><strong>Jurnal At-Tibyan: Jurnal Ilmu Alqur'an dan Tafsir </strong>was accredited&nbsp;<a href="http://sinta2.ristekdikti.go.id/journals/detail?id=5025">SINTA 3</a> by the Indonesia Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education in Oktober 2019 effective until Oktober 2022 <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/10XOYgaxGTvAUpUbtInTVkBajwJPMPlTD/view?usp=sharing">(SK No. 28/E/KPT/2019)</a>. This journal has become a&nbsp;<a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=JURNAL+AT-TIBYAN&amp;from_ui=yes">CrossRef Member</a> since the year 2017. Therefore, all articles published by this journal will have a unique DOI number.<br><strong>Jurnal At-Tibyan: Jurnal Ilmu Alqur'an dan Tafsir</strong>, published twice a year (June and December), always places the Qur’an and Interpretation Studies in the central focus of academic inquiry and invites any discussions as the aim and scopes.</p> en-US syafieh@iainlangsa.ac.id (Syafieh) lenny_jeumpa@yahoo.com (Lenni Lestari) Thu, 30 Dec 2021 15:37:10 +0700 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 THE NEW PARADIGM OF SURAH AL FATIHAH BASED ON THE KEY CONCEPTS OF SOCIAL INTERPRETATION OF DAWAM RAHARJO https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/1911 <p>When interpreting the Qur'an, a mufassir needs a paradigm and a foundation as the procedures and stages that become his reference. This paper attempts to discuss the paradigm and concept of interpretation promoted by Dawam Rahardjo, namely al-Fātiḥah as the Qur'an in a nutshell which is contained in the work of the <em>Ensiklopedi Al-Quran: Tafsir Sosial Berdasarkan Konsep-Konsep Kunci</em>. Two objectives in this study, first, the arguments that make al-Fātiḥah a paradigm and the extent to which these arguments can be justified. <em>Second</em>, steps, systematics and forms of interpretation by positioning al-Fātiḥah as a paradigm and its shortcomings in interpreting the Qur'an. This research is in the form of library research in the form of descriptive-analysis and uses content analysis as the analytical method used. This discussion concludes that there are two verses of the Qur'an, namely QS. Ali Imran (03): 07 and QS. al-Hijr (15): 87 as the basis and form three conceptual frameworks of al-Fātiḥah as a paradigm of interpretation of the Qur'an, namely the term <em>ummu al-kitab</em> as the attribution of surah al-Fātiḥah, the two <em>ummu al-kitab</em> referred to as <em>muḥkām</em> and the last <em>term al-sab'u al-maṡāni</em> which is also understood as al-Fātiḥah. The weakness in the argument that is built is in the redefinition of <em>muḥkām</em> or <em>mutasyabīh</em> which do not have clear standards and references. While the form of interpretation with this concept ends with a systematic form of thematic presentation with two steps or procedures, namely departing from the key terms in Surat al-Fātiḥah (inductive) and starting from other than Surat al-Fātiḥah then returning to Surat al-Fātiḥah (deductive). The first procedure has difficulties in developing the -evolutionist dimension-, while the second procedure will be very subjective because of the difficulty of matching the interpreted verse with the terms in Surah al-Fātiḥah.</p> Miftahul Janah, Haerudin Haerudin Copyright (c) 2021 Miftahul Janah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/1911 Wed, 29 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0700 AL-SUYŪṬĪ WA ITTIJᾹHᾹTUH ILᾹ AL-TAFSĪR AL-‘ILMĪ DIRᾹSAH ‘ALᾹ TAFSĪR ᾹYᾹT AL-WABᾹ https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3287 <p>This article discusses the tendency of <em>T</em><em>afsīr 'Ilmī</em> in Imam Suyuti's interpretation of the plague verses. Interestingly, as a classical commentator, he interprets the plague verses in his commentary books using the traditions of the Prophet (naqli), but he explains about the plague in addition to his commentary books by referring to the interpretation of the plague verses which are supported by scientific data. To analyze the tendency of this interpretation (<em>ittijāh al-tafsīr</em>), the researcher uses the theory of scientific interpretation. This research is qualitative in nature and uses content analysis methods, especially the istiqra (<em>inductive)</em> method. The istiqra method is used to analyze his interpretation of the plague verses that are spread in his commentaries and his books on epidemics and medicine. The purpose of this study is to reveal the indications of the trend of scientific interpretation explored by Imam Suyūt}ī in his books on epidemics and medicine by referring to his interpretations in his commentary books, so this research is urgent to confirm the historical roots and dynamics of <em>T</em><em>afsīr 'Ilmī</em>, whose epistemological tendency has emerged in the era of classical scholars. The results of this study are, first, in general, the method of interpretation of Imam Suyūt}ī is <em>bi al-ma'ṣūr</em>. Second, Imam Suyūtī's interpretation of the plague verses in Ṭā'ūn and medical themed books tends to 'Ilmi' Tafsir in terms of a more scientific explanation of the narrations that are in accordance with science, medical and socio-historical. Third, the scientific tendency in Imam Suyūt}ī's interpretation is in historical and medical.</p> Ahmad Zaeni, Abdul Muiz, Siti Hajar Copyright (c) 2021 Ahmad Zaeni, Abdul Muiz, Siti Hajar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3287 Wed, 29 Dec 2021 16:54:03 +0700 EMOTION CONTROL IN THE QUR’AN: STUDY OF TOSHIHIKO IZUTSU’S SEMANTIC APPROACH TO KAẒIM VERSES https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3316 <p>One of the problems that always exists in every human being is negative emotions. This study aims to find out how to control emotions in the Qur’an through deepening the meaning of the word kaẓim with the sematic approach of Thosihiko Izutsu. This term is repeated 6 times which is covered in 6 surahs. Each verse contained in various surahs certainly has a different meaning, so it requires a deep understanding. The semantics of the Qur’an according to Izutsu is an attempt to reveal the world view (weltanschauung) through semantic analysis of the vocabulary or key terms of the Qur’an. The process carried out in this research is to examine the basic meaning, relational meaning, and historical meaning of the word kaẓim. The result of this research is that the word kaẓim based on the semantic analysis of Toshihiko Izutsu is a word that contains full meaning and closes it tightly. Signaling unfriendly feelings in one’s heart either because of anger, sadness, disappointment, shame, fear, and irritation, his mind is always demanding revenge, but he holds those feelings in his heart. Therefore, there are 4 ways to control emotions in kaẓim terms, namely, with prayer, dzikrullah, patient, and silence.</p> Hardivizon Hardivizon, Mufidah Mufidah Copyright (c) 2021 Hardivizon Hardivizon, Mufidah Mufidah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3316 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 09:16:58 +0700 THE VERNACULARITY IN THE TAFSĪRIYAH TRANSLATION OF NADOMAN NURUL HIKMAH https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3261 <p>The practices of vernacularity or localizing Islamic scholarship have been conducted by many scholars of the Qur’an in Indonesia. One of them is <em>Nadoman Nurul Hikmah</em> by Hidayat Suryalaga. The uniqueness of this work lies in the way of translating the Qur'an into poetry or in Sundanese it is called <em>pupujian</em> (religious poetry). Through descriptive analysis, this research concludes that; First, <em>Nadoman Nurul Hikmah</em>'s work is able to be classified as <em>tarjamah tafs</em><em>ī</em><em>riyah</em> because in the translation process, Suryalaga added several sentences as explanations, such as asbabun nuzul and the stories of the companions. Second, Suryalaga translates the Qur'an without textually following the source language (the language of the Qur'an). Third, in several places, he also contextualizes by presenting the local wisdom of Sundanese culture and other people in general.</p> Ahmad Rifqi Muchtar, Mariya Luthfiana Copyright (c) 2021 Ahmad Rifqi Muchtar, Mariya Luthfiana https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3261 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 09:26:59 +0700 THE DEVELOPMENT OF QIRĀ'ĀT SAB'AH LEARNING METHOD BY QĀRĪS IN LANGSA CITY https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3434 <p>The development of&nbsp; qira’āt&nbsp; sab’ah&nbsp; is an activity that is absolutely necessary &nbsp;for every qira’ah teacher&nbsp; ( qāri’). It is important to transfer the correct reading according to the provisions recommended in Islamic law. Therefore, the development of qirā’āt sab’ah must be encouraged in Langsa City community. The result showed qāri’ah activity in developing qirā’āt sab’ah, namely by holding trainings (learning) qirā’at sab’ah, The Musābaqah Tilāwah Al-Qu’ān (MTQ) event, qirā’at sab’āh, learning and teaching activities at the IAIN Langsa campus. As for the method applied (qa&gt;ri’), there are only five methods, namely bil ifrad, Jibril, Talaqqi, Muẓākarah and bil-jama’ with theoretical and practical learning models,&nbsp; positive public response to qirā’at sab’ah learning with&nbsp; the existence of this activity helps them to understand qirā’a&gt;t sab’ah, whilenegatif public response who are feel proud/embarrassed to participatein this activities.</p> cut fauziah, Fatin Nabilah Wahid Copyright (c) 2021 cut fauziah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3434 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 09:34:29 +0700 ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIORS OF SIDODADI MARKET TRADERS BASED ON TAFSĪR AL-JAMĪ' LI AḤKᾹM AL-QUR'ᾹN IMAM AL-QURṬUBĪ ABOUT CHARACTERISTICS OF MADYAN TRADERS https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3255 <p>The behavior of the Madyan people mentioned in the Qur'an reflects inappropriate behavior in trading. Imam al-Qurṭubī in his tafsir, <em>al-J</em><em>āmī' li Aḥkām al-Qur'ān,</em> mentioned that three things they did were mentioning untrue prices, hiding product defects, and cheating in weighing and measuring. This paper aims to analyze these three behaviors of traders at the Sidodadi market, Kleco. Through the interview method, there are three points that are able to be concluded. <em>First</em>, as many as 66% of Kleco market traders always explain the aspects of goods defects. <em>Second</em>, there are 68% of them consistently provide the same price to buyers. <em>Third,</em> there are 88% of them do not cheat in scales and measures. In general, it can be understood that the majority of Kleco market traders do not have trading behavior like the Madyan people.</p> Andri Nirwana, Riza Tamami, Syamsul Hidayat, Sayed Akhyar Copyright (c) 2021 Andri Nirwana, Riza Tamami, Syamsul Hidayat, Sayed Akhyar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3255 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 10:15:00 +0700 THE RELEVANCE OF ODD-EVEN VERSES IN THE QUR’AN WITH MATHEMATICS EDUCATION https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3284 <p>Education is an effort to improve knowledge, one of which is by conducting studies on the Qur'an and Mathematics. This research examines the verses of the Qur'an containing odd-even concepts and their relevance to mathematics. By using the library research method, the verse selection step is taken from observations of the translated Qur'an. The mathematical concepts found are materials related to odd-even concepts, such as KPK (Least Common Multiple) and FPB (Greatest Common Factor), Venn diagrams, and Phi in <em>ṭawwāf</em>. As the result, the number of verses and the number of surahs show odd-even numbers. If the numbers are added up to 38, these will be equal to the number of letters in the <em>syah</em><em>ādah</em> sentence.</p> Agus Miftakus Surur, Sri Pujilestari Copyright (c) 2021 Agus Miftakus Surur, Sri Pujilestari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3284 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 10:21:19 +0700 THE CONCEPT OF TEACHER IN THE QUR`AN AND ITS RELEVANCE TO HIS FUNCTION IN THE DIGITAL ERA https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3280 <p>In today’s digital technology era, teachers’ function in the learning process seems obscure. They are only perceived as learning facilitators. This paper attempted to find relevant teacher’s concepts in the digital era according to the interpretation of the Qur’an. The perspective of the Qur’an interpretation needs to be studied as a source of knowledge to find teacher’s concepts relevant to the digital era because the existing studies on teachers tend to be based on partial perspective between theory and norm. It was conducted under the interpretation of the Qur’an on the development and internalization of science. The interpretation of some verses was analyzed for contextuality and its implications on the function of teachers in the current era. The study results suggested that a teacher should function as an educator and caregiver. He/she not only teaches science but also directs and nurtures students, so they understand and practice moral goodness. Education is responsible for developing not only cognitive but also psychomotor skills. It must also improve students’ knowledge of goodness and virtue so that they can practice it in the end. That the function of a teacher is to educate and nurture students to be a good human is yet relevant today. This paper suggested a deeper research to examine the decline in the role of teachers around the school environment by evaluating the curriculum and learning system.</p> Anwar Mujahidin, Yufridal Fitri Nursalam, Ju'subaidi Ju'subaidi Copyright (c) 2021 Anwar Mujahidin, Yufridal Salim, Jusubaidi Jusubaidi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3280 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 10:31:06 +0700 QIṢAṢ AL-ĀBĀI WA AL-ABNĀI FĪ AL-QURĀN AL-KARĪM WA ĀṠARUHĀ FĪ TARBIYAH AL-ABNĀI: DIRĀSAH MUQĀRANAH BAINA QIṢATAY NUḤ MA’A IBNIHI WA IBRĀHĪM MA’A IBNIHI https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3381 <p>The stories of the Quran are one of the interesting topics in the Quranic studies. Every story in the Qur'an contains various wisdom and lessons. One of the stories mentioned in the Quran is the story of parents and children. In this article, the author presents two stories of parents and children in the Koran, namely the story of Prophet Nuh As. and his disobedient son and the story of Prophet Ibrahim As and his son who was pious and devoted to his parents, namely Prophet Ismail As. This study uses a descriptive-analytical method. Using this Method, the author gathered Quranic verses relating to two stories and subsequently elaborated and analyzed the wisdoms on child education contained in the stories. Based on this method there are several research results: <em>First</em>; The story of Nuh As and his son showed us the distinct behavior of humans. Prophet Nuh As represents a father who believes and responsible on his Child’s education, while his son, Kan'an represents a child who is disbelieving and disobeying to his father. <em>Second</em>; The story of Prophet Ibrahim As and his son, Prophet Ismail as showed us a strong relationship between a father and his son. Prophet Ibrahim as represents a father who is faithful and responsible on his child’s education, while Prophet Ismail as represents a child who is faithful, tough and strong. <em>Third</em>; Some aspects of education in child care based on these two stories are faith education (the first education that must be given to children) and moral education, which is a reflection of faith education. This moral education will be achieved by three elements, namely in the form of exemplar, advice and environment.</p> Wali Ramadhani, Sulaim Sulaiman Gumi, Dara Humaira Copyright (c) 2021 Wali Ramadhani, Sulaim Sulaiman Gumi, Dara Humaira https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3381 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0700 THE CRIMINALIZATION OF THE QUR'AN PERSPECTIVE AND IT’S CONTEXTUALIZATION IN INDONESIA https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3418 <p>The Qur'an as the main source of law in Islam rules various kinds of criminal offenses and their punishments called <em>Jar</em><em>īmah</em>. This is relevant to the purpose of God's laws implemented for the benefit and happiness of human beings. This article aims to present the discourse of Islamic criminal law in the Indonesian context. By using library research and content analysis as the analytical knife, this study found that the punishment in terms of the existence of texts in the Qur’an and hadith consists of two kinds. <em>First</em>, the punishments directly mentioned in the text are <em>ḥudūd, qiṣaṣ, diyāt</em> and <em>kafar</em><em>āt</em>. <em>Second</em>, the punishment uncovered by the text is the <em>ta'z</em><em>īr</em> punishment. Furthermore, there are four kinds of relations in the punishment, namely; 1) principal punishment, 2) substitute punishment, 3) additional punishment, and 4) complementary punishment. In this study, there are also ten acts that are able to be criminalized with threats of <em>ḥadd</em> and <em>qi</em><em>ṣaṣ</em> punishment, namely <em>zin</em><em>ā</em>, qażf (accusing <em>zin</em><em>ā</em> without evidence), <em>ḥirābah</em> (robbery), <em>sariqah</em> (theft), <em>syurb al-khamr</em> (drinking wine), <em>maisir</em> (gambling), <em>riddah</em> (apostasy), murder, persecution, and <em>al-bugyu</em> (rebellion).</p> Nawawi Marhaban Copyright (c) 2021 Nawawi Marhaban https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/tibyan/article/view/3418 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0700